Centrum im. Ludwika Zamenhofa
Mediateka CLZ
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Oral history

Thanks to e-Mediateka project many recordings will be available. Were chosen  interviews with people connected with Bialystok (among others: artists, athletes, enthusiasts, “ordinary” citizens of Bialystok, Esperantists) which show a diverse range of topics. They are located within broad framework of possible time, refer to  history of Bialystok and Podlasie, taking into account topics involving stories of people from Bialystok or Podlasie, but sometimes beyond the geographical area (e.g. bieżeństwo, deportations, Warsaw uprising, emigration). Moreover Mediateka CLZ as the only one in Poland multimedia library contains wide documentation Esperanto movement, and this part of the collection will be also presented in e-Mediateka. Users will have an opportunity to get to know with whole interviews or fragments, connected with chosen topics.

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Oral history

Wasilewski Bernard

Bernard Wasilewski (major) was born on August 10th, 1916 in Góra (Krypno commune), the child of Julia (nee Snarska) and Aleksander Wasilewski. His parents were farmers. He finished a Primary School in Góra. In 1932 he sined up for the cavalry division organised by the Military Adoption. In 1937 he joined the 10th Lithuanian Uhlans Regiment and was delegated to an officer school. After graduating he was assigned to the 2nd Squadron as an instructor. Until the II World War he stayed at the barracks of the 10th Lithuanian Uhlans Regmient in Białystok. He took part in the Battle of Kock on October 2-6, 1939 (the last battle of the defensive effort fought by a regular army). There on October 6th he was captured by the Germans. At first he was palced in a prisoner camp Stalag VII A for priavtes and low rank officers in Moosburg in Southern Bavaria. Later he was moved to work to Berchtesgadem in the Alps and then he was moved to Piding near Raichenhalle in Bavaria. In July 1942 he was caught along with 5 other prisoners during an escape attempt. He was placed in a penal camp XVIIIC. After a few weeks he was transported back to Piding. He remained there until the camp was liberated in May 1945. After returning to Poland he settled in Haliowo in the Kujawy region. In 1949 he came to Białystok and was employed as a mason an later as a wagoner. Until his retirement in 1991 he worked at the “Przewóz” Transportation Services Cooperative. For 10 years he sang in the Cantylena choir. He was a member of the War Invalid Union as well as the Union of the Republic of Poland Combatants and Former Political Prisoners. He led the colour guards during patriotic and church celebrations. He was awarded the “History`s Witness” prize by the National Memory Institute, Białystok branch. In 2013 Minister of National Defence promoted him to the rank of major. He died on January 13th, 2014 in Bialystok.