Centrum im. Ludwika Zamenhofa
Mediateka CLZ
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Język: pleneo

Oral history

Memories and experience are some of the most valuable gifts that the older generation can give to the younger. In the LZC Media Library we collect valuable accounts of witnesses of history, we compile and share them.

The interviews are recorded using the narrative-biographical method, which involves recording the free expression of a witness about their entire life. This type of narrative takes into account the subjective perspective of such issues as: local culture, ethnicity, tradition and customs, religion, or identity. Stories recorded in this way are unique, different for each person. Thanks to this, they allow to get to know the individual view of people who saw the interwar period, World War II and the beginnings of the Polish People’s Republic with their own eyes.

We are constantly looking for witnesses of history – people who have spent the last 60, 70 and more years in Białystok and would like to tell us the story of their lives, describe important events as they remember them. If you are such a person or know someone who would like to tell their story, please contact the BCC/LZC.


Polecki Adolf

Adolf Polecki, born the 31st of January 1925 in Starosielce, in the family of Aleksandra (nee Fiodorowa) and Feliks Polecki. Father was a railwayman. Adolf graduated elementary school in Starosielce. At school he belonged to youth patriotic organizations – Zuchy and Orleta. In the summer 1939 he passed military training in Grandzicze (near Grodno). During German occupation his father involved him into conspiracy for NSZ. Mostly he spread underground newspapers and leaflets, passing massages and collecting information. On the 24th of January arrested with his father and a large group of conspiracy members as a result of denunciation. They were kept in prison in Bialystok for two months. With his father they were joined to the big transport which the 29th of March was located in KL Stutthof (concentration camp) . Adolf was marked number 33328. In the camp he worked in building commando. In January 1945 he was evacuated with his father and other prisoners in the direction of Lebork. He regained freedom in evacuation camp in Krepa Kaszubska. His father died few days before release in the camp in Rybno. After II world war he graduated technical school and worked as building designer. He finished few training courses, something like studies in Institute of Fundamental Problems Marxism and Leninism, field of study economy of industry and sociology with philosophy. At the beginning he was working in Bialystok Industrial Construction Company so called Przemyslowka, later in Union of Agricultural Building. In 1981 he passed retired. Since many years he has been active on social field, he was a chairman, at the moment vice-chairman of Polish Association of Political Prisoners of Nazi Prisons and Concentration Camps. Interests: picking mushrooms, fishing, gardening.

Photos and documents